General Knowledge 2017 - 76

Who has been conferred with the 2017 Kalinga Literary Award?

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Akbars legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. His love of art led to the fusion of Indian and Central Asian Persian styles that came to symbolize the height of Mughal achievement, in forms as varied as miniature painting and grandiose architecture. This lovely fusion would reach its absolute apex under Akbars grandson, Shah Jahan, who designed and had built the world famous Taj Mahal.Perhaps most of all, Akbar the Great showed the rulers of all nations everywhere that tolerance is not weakness, and open mindedness is not the same thing as indecisiveness. As a result, he is honored more than four centuries after his death as one of the greatest rulers in human history.

English Phrases
An adjective clause (a group of words with at least one subject and one

verb) is a subordinate or dependent clause that functions as an adjective. This

type of clause answers the question, Which one? Relative pronouns, such as

who, whom, which, and that, begin adjective clauses. At times, words such

as where or when can also begin adjective clauses. If you delete the adjective

clause from a sentence, you will still have a full (though less informative)


In the following sentences, the adjective clause is underlined. Notice the

word that begins the clause.

This extremely intelligent geologist, who is also a talented juggler,

has been asked to visit the State Assembly later this month.

The street that you live on is scheduled to be repaved next month.

The movie director, whom you read about last week, will be

promoting her new film throughout Europe.

There are essentially two types of adjective clauses—restrictive and unrestrictive


➲ A restrictive (or essential) adjective clause offers essential

information that is necessary to complete the sentence’s thought.

An example of this is, ‘‘The trophy that was presented to you is

enormous.’’ Here, the adjective clause that was presented to you restricts

the information to just that trophy.

➲ An unrestrictive (or nonessential) clause simply offers more

information about the noun it describes. In the sentence, ‘‘The trophy,

which was made in Canada, was presented to you,’’ the adjective clause

which was made in Canada is nonessential to the sentence. It just offers

more information about the trophy.

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