General Knowledge 2017 - 46

Sudha Singh, who has won gold at 21st Federation Cup National Senior Atletices Championship, is associated with which sports?

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Compound : sugar
Chemical Name : sucrose
Chemical Formula : c12h22o11.      .. More >>

genus cephalotus:
n. species: Australian pitcher plant      .. More >>

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Rules to play Paragliding

Towed launch

In flatter countryside, pilots can also be launched with a tow. Once at full height towing can launch pilots up to 3000 feet altitude, the pilot pulls a release cord, and the towline falls away. This requires separate training, as flying on a winch has quite different characteristics from free flying. There are two major ways to tow pay in and pay out towing. Pay in towing involves a stationary winch that winds in the towline and thereby pulls the pilot in the air. The distance between winch and pilot at the start is around 500 meters or more. Pay out towing involves a moving object, like a car or a boat, that pays out line slower than the speed of the object, thereby pulling the pilot up in the air. In both cases, it is very important to have a gauge indicating line tension to avoid pulling the pilot out of the air. Another form of towing is static line towing. This involves a moving object, like a car or a boat, attached to a paraglider or hang glider with a fixed length line. This can very dangerous, because now the forces on the line have to be controlled by the moving object itself, which is almost impossible to do, unless stretchy rope and a pressure tension meter dynamometer is used. Static line towing with stretchy rope and a load cell as a tension meter has been used in Poland, Ukraine, Russia, and other Eastern European countries for over twenty years under the name Malinka with about the same safety record as other forms of towing.

Basic English Usage
An adjective clause (a group of words with at least one subject and one

verb) is a subordinate or dependent clause that functions as an adjective. This

type of clause answers the question, Which one? Relative pronouns, such as

who, whom, which, and that, begin adjective clauses. At times, words such

as where or when can also begin adjective clauses. If you delete the adjective

clause from a sentence, you will still have a full (though less informative)


In the following sentences, the adjective clause is underlined. Notice the

word that begins the clause.

This extremely intelligent geologist, who is also a talented juggler,

has been asked to visit the State Assembly later this month.

The street that you live on is scheduled to be repaved next month.

The movie director, whom you read about last week, will be

promoting her new film throughout Europe.

There are essentially two types of adjective clauses—restrictive and unrestrictive


➲ A restrictive (or essential) adjective clause offers essential

information that is necessary to complete the sentence’s thought.

An example of this is, ‘‘The trophy that was presented to you is

enormous.’’ Here, the adjective clause that was presented to you restricts

the information to just that trophy.

➲ An unrestrictive (or nonessential) clause simply offers more

information about the noun it describes. In the sentence, ‘‘The trophy,

which was made in Canada, was presented to you,’’ the adjective clause

which was made in Canada is nonessential to the sentence. It just offers

more information about the trophy.

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