inurbanily, n. incivility, unmannerliness, bad manners, rudeness, impoliteness, unceremoniousness, discourtesy, discourteousness, disrespectfulness, misbehavior; indelicacy, uncourtliness, ungraciousness, ungentlemanliness, unladylikeness; roughness, crudeness, boorishness, churlishness, loutishness, vulgarness, coarseness, tactlessness; brashness, boldness, brazenness, barefacedness; insolence, impudence, impertinence, pertness, sauciness, freshness.
inure, v. harden, indurate, toughen, season, temper, anneal; accustom, familiarize, make used to, habituate, naturalize; adapt, acclimate, acclimatize, get used to.
inurn, v. bury, inter, inhume, sepulcher, lay away, Inf. lay to rest, consign to the grave, Dial, funeralize; entomb, ensepulcher.
inutile, adj. I. useless, of no use, of no service; unavailing, ineffective, ineffectual, inefficacious, bootless; valueless, worthless, meritless, good-for-nothing, not worth a straw; futile, purposeless, idle, vain, inane; to no purpose, to no avail, for naught; fruitless, unproductive, profitless, unprofitable, gainless.
2. inefficient, incompetent, inept, inadequate; sterile, impotent, barren; worn out, effete, obsolete; inoperative, unserviceable, not working, Inf. no-go, no good, SI. on the shelf.
inutility, n. 1. uselessness, ineffectuality, ineffectualness, inefficaciousness, inefficacy, bootlessness; pouring water into a sieve, carrying coals to Newcastle, casting pearls before swine, beating the air, kicking against the pricks, baying the moon; futility, inanity, purposelessness; valuelessness, worthlessness, merit-lessness.
2. inoperativeness, unserviceableness, inefficiency, incompetence, ineptitude, inadequacy; fruitlessness, unproductivity, unprofitableness, profitlessness.
invade, v. I. attack, irrupt, assail, assault, strike at; begin hostilities, declare war, go to war, make war; penetrate, cross frontiers, march into, march against, thrust at, overrun, raid, storm, blitz, blitzkrieg; cross the Rubicon, cross the Alps, breach the Maginot line, cross the 38th parallel.
2. intrude, obtrude, interrupt, intervene, Inf. cut in; interlope, move in, take over, encroach, supercede, insinuate, Inf. horn in, Inf. muscle in, Inf. worm in, Inf. edge in; trespass, Inf. crash, Inf. crash the gate, break in.
3. overstep, infringe upon, transgress, trample upon, ride roughshod over.
4. permeate, pervade, fill; penetrate, spread into, spread over, overspread, spill over into.
invader, n. attacker, assailant, aggressor, assaulter, enemy, foe; frontier-violator, gate-crasher, intruder, interloper, trespasser, encroacher, infringer, overrunner, raider, vandal, Hun.
invalid1, n. 1. sickly person, infirm person, convalescent, shut-in, valetudinarian; patient, inpatient, outpatient, case; the sick, the infirm, the handicapped; sufferer, carrier, cripple, incurable, victim; hypochondriac, Pathol, neurasthenic, malingerer.
-adj. 2. sick, sickly, infirm, unwell, ill, ailing, valetudinarian, valetudinary; weak, weakly, feeble, enfeebled, frail, helpless, debilitated; exhausted, prostrate; unhealthy, diseased, morbose, unsound, under doctor's care; indisposed, confined, laid up, bedridden; handicapped, crippled, disabled, lame; paralyzed, paralytic; superannuated, retired; senescent, doting, senile, decrepit; moribund, dying, flagging, drooping. -v. 3. weaken, enfeeble, debilitate, devitalize; incapacitate, disable, lay up, confine, hospitalize; afflict, distress, pain, upset.
My Account / Test History
Most children in England and Wales follow this route in the state system (= free education).
• You go to school (as a pupil to study) and go to university (as a student to study). You don’t use the definite article ‘the’ here. Other expressions like this are go to bed (to sleep); go into hospital (when you are ill); go to church (to pray / to worship).
• In some areas of the UK there are not many grammar schools.
• There are also public schools. In fact, these are private, and parents pay to send their children there. Some are expensive. About 5% of the population go to public schools.
A school timetable
Maths is an abbreviation of mathematics.
As you can see, the pupils have five lessons every day, and altogether they do (= study) eleven subjects a week plus Physical Education (PE). Every morning they have a twenty-minute break. There are three terms (= periods of continuous work) in a school year, and the timetable changes every year.
Note: Some words in English which end in ‘s’ look plural, but in fact they are singular: Maths isn’t my favourite subject, and physics is very difficult.
Most nouns of this type refer to subjects; other examples are economics and politics.