Helmets became compulsory safety equipment for bicyclists and scooter riders in 1990. The approved bicycle helmet must be securely fitted and fastened on the riders head. According to Victorias road safety authority VicRoads, helmets have resulted in a 70 per cent decrease in the number of cyclists injured or killed by head injury. Helmets are made of foam similar to the foam used for portable coolers like Eskies that absorbs the impact of a fall or blow. Look for the Australian Standards mark when choosing a bicycle helmet. The different types of helmet include
Foam only the foam is covered in fabric
Micro shell the foam is covered in thin plastic
Hard shell the foam is covered in hard plastic.