apology / excuse

apology / excuse

If you give an apology, you say you are sorry for doing something wrong.

If you give an excuse, you provide a reason or explanation for the problem (this can be seen as trying to avoid responsibility).
  • Apology: "I'm sorry I was late. It won't happen again."
  • Excuse: "I was late because my car wouldn't start."
  • Apology: "I'm sorry for the mistake in my report. I should have checked the statistics more carefully."
  • Excuse: "Well, if you hadn't rushed me to finish the report, I wouldn't have made a mistake!"

  • --- >>>
    1. a / an / one
    2. able / capable
    3. accident / incident
    4. accurate / exact / precise
    5. ache / pain / hurt
    6. actual / current / present
    7. administrator / boss / manager
    8. adverse / averse
    9. advice / advise
    10. affect / effect
    11. afraid / scared / frightened
    12. after / later
    13. agenda / itinerary / schedule
    14. ago / back / before
    15. aid / assist / help
    16. aim / goal / objective
    17. alien / foreigner / stranger
    18. alive / life / live
    19. all / whole / every
    20. all of / each of
    21. all ready / already / all right / alright
    22. allow / let / permit
    23. allude / elude
    24. almost / mostly / nearly
    25. alone / lonely / only
    26. already / yet
    27. also / as well / too
    28. altar / alter
    29. although / though / even though
    30. among / between
    31. amoral / immoral
    32. amount / number / quantity
    33. ancient / antique
    34. angry / upset
    35. another / other / others
    36. answer / reply / respond
    37. any / some
    38. apartment / flat / studio
    39. apologize / sorry
    40. apology / excuse
    41. appraise / apprise
    42. arrive / come / get / reach
    43. as far as / as long as / as soon as
    44. assure / ensure / insure
    45. automobile / car / vehicle
    46. await / wait / hope / expect
    47. award / reward / prize
    48. awkward / embarrassing
    49. baggage / luggage
    50. beach / coast / shore
    51. beautiful / pretty
    52. become / get / turn
    53. been / gone
    54. before / in front of / opposite / across from
    55. beg / plead
    56. begin / start
    57. belong to / belong with / belong in
    58. below / under / beneath / underneath
    59. beside / besides
    60. big / large
    61. big / small / long / short / tall / huge / tiny
    62. bill / invoice / receipt
    63. blanket / comforter / quilt
    64. borrow / lend / loan / owe
    65. bother / disturb
    66. bravery / courage
    67. bring / take
    68. bring up / grow up
    69. Britain / England / the United Kingdom
    70. broad / wide
    71. by / until
    72. can / could / able to
    73. capital / capitol
    74. carpet / mat / rug
    75. ceiling / roof
    76. chance / possibility / opportunity
    77. change / switch
    78. chauffeur / driver
    79. city / downtown / town
    80. classic / classical
    81. clever / intelligent / smart
    82. close / shut
    83. close to / near / next to
    84. cloth / clothes / clothing
    85. collect / gather
    86. come back / go back / get back
    87. compliment / complement
    88. concern / concerned / concerning
    89. confident / confidant / confidence
    90. continually / continuously
    91. convince / persuade
    92. could / should / would
    93. council / counsel
    94. critic / critical / criticism / critique
    95. cure / treat / heal / recover
    96. custom / habit
    97. deadly / fatal / lethal
    98. decent / descent / dissent
    99. decline / deny / refuse / reject
    100. defect / fault / flaw
    101. definitely / definitively
    102. delay / late / postpone
    103. despite / in spite of
    104. die / died / dead
    105. difficult / hard
    106. dilemma / quandary
    107. dinner / supper / meal / snack
    108. dirt / earth / soil
    109. dirty / messy
    110. disability / handicap / impairment
    111. discover / find out / notice / realize
    112. discreet / discrete
    113. disease / illness
    114. disinterested / uninterested
    115. distinct / distinctive
    116. do / make
    117. dress / dressed / wear
    118. during / while / meanwhile / meantime
    119. e.g. / i.e.
    120. early / soon
    121. earn / gain / win
    122. economic / economical
    123. effective / efficient
    124. either / neither
    125. electric / electrical / electronic
    126. empathy / sympathy
    127. employees / staff
    128. end / finish
    129. enough / too
    130. enquire / inquire
    131. especially / specially
    132. every day / everyday
    133. ex- / former / previous
    134. explore / exploit
    135. extend / expand
    136. famous / infamous
    137. farther / further
    138. fee / fare / tax
    139. female / feminine / woman
    140. few / little / less / fewer
    141. fit / match / suit
    142. floor / ground
    143. for / since
    144. forest / jungle / wood / woods
    145. fun / funny
    146. girl / lady / woman
    147. good / well
    148. good evening / good night
    149. gratuity / tip
    150. guarantee / warranty
    151. gut / guts
    152. hard / hardly
    153. have / have got
    154. have to / must / need to
    155. haven't / don't have
    156. hear / listen
    157. hijack / kidnap
    158. historic / historical
    159. holiday / vacation
    160. hope / wish
    161. hopefully / thankfully
    162. hostel / hotel / motel
    163. house / home
    164. how about...? / what about...?
    165. human / humankind / human being / man / mankind
    166. hundred / hundreds
    167. I / my / me / mine / myself
    168. I = subject
    169. if / whether
    170. If I was... / If I were...
    171. ignore / neglect
    172. ill / sick
    173. impending / pending
    174. imply / infer
    175. in / into / inside / within
    176. in / on / at
    177. incite / insight
    178. income / salary / wage
    179. Indian / indigenous / Native American
    180. inhabit / live / reside
    181. intend / tend
    182. interested / interesting
    183. interfere / intervene
    184. its / it's
    185. job / work / career
    186. just / only
    187. kinds / types / sorts
    188. know / meet
    189. last / latest
    190. last / past
    191. late / lately
    192. lay / lie
    193. like / as
    194. little / small
    195. look / see / watch
    196. lose / loose
    197. lose / miss
    198. made of / made from
    199. marriage / married / wedding
    200. may / might
    201. moral / morale
    202. Mr. / Mrs. / Ms. / Miss
    203. music / song
    204. nausea / nauseous / queasy
    205. north / northern
    206. notable / noticeable
    207. ocean / sea / lake / pond
    208. oppress / suppress / repress
    209. overtake / take over
    210. pass away / pass out
    211. pass the time / spend time
    212. peak / pique
    213. persons / peoples
    214. poison / venom
    215. politics / policy
    216. poor / pore / pour
    217. pray / prey
    218. principal / principle
    219. problem / trouble
    220. quiet / silent
    221. raise / rise / arise
    222. regard / regards / regardless
    223. regretful / regrettable
    224. relation / relationship
    225. remember / remind / reminder
    226. replace / substitute
    227. resolve / solve
    228. review / revise
    229. rob / thief / steal
    230. safety / security
    231. sale / sell
    232. say / tell / speak
    233. scream / shout
    234. sensible / sensitive
    235. shade / shadow
    236. so / such
    237. so / very / a lot
    238. some time / sometime / sometimes
    239. stuff / things
    240. such as / as such
    241. suppose / supposed to
    242. then / than
    243. think about / think of
    244. tide / waves
    245. till / until
    246. to / for
    247. too / very
    248. travel / trip / journey
    249. United
    250. wake / awake / sleep / asleep
    251. wander / wonder
    252. wary / weary
    253. what / which
    254. which / that
    255. who / whom
    256. will / would
    257. worse / worst
    258. year-old / years old

    My Account / Test History


    Astrology

    Friendship Compatibility between Gemini and Capricorn

    Gemini and Capricorn
    - Friendship Compatibility Profile :

    When Gemini and Capricorn form a friendship, they must work hard to ensure that their energies are geared toward the same purposes, for their individual approaches are as different as night and day. They are inextricably linked, but they don't always realize it. Gemini is out there, talking and interacting, skimming over a thousand different experiences without stopping to breathe. The Goat dislikes risks and prefers a well-thought out plan; once they set their sights on a goal, they are sure to reach it eventually. The challenge for Gemini and Capricorn friends is to get to the same place at the same time.
    Capricorn is very unassuming and quiet, while Gemini is more outgoing. Capricorn is more stubborn, while Gemini is flexible. When they become friends, they need to have different and well-defined roles to ensure that they don't cross each other's boundaries. Their philosophies of life are quite different: Gemini is quick and jumps to conclusions, and Capricorn sees the value of doing things the hard way if it ensures success. Once the friends understand each other's style, their methods help them to achieve together what they could not achieve alone.
    Gemini is ruled by the Planet Mercury, and Capricorn is ruled by the Planet Saturn. These Planets can work at cross-purposes, so it's important for Gemini and Capricorn to work through their differences. Saturn perseveres and keeps moving ahead through all kinds of difficulties. Mercury has the energy to take projects forward despite obstacles. Both friends tend to be resolute, and neither gives up easily. If their energies are not channeled in positive ways, together these Planets may signify repressed emotion. Capricorn must be careful not to dampen Gemini's spirit, and Gemini must work to encourage open channels with Capricorn.
    Gemini is an Air Sign, and Capricorn is an Earth Sign. Gemini initiates action from theory, while Capricorn is more practical. Capricorn asks, 'what good will this do as I work toward my main goals?' while Gemini simply sees what they want and achieves it for its own sake, without having a set plan in mind. Although each of these friends may find it difficult to understand where the other is coming from, when they come together their complementary approaches become mutually beneficial and exciting.
    Gemini is a Mutable Sign, and Capricorn is a Cardinal Sign. Capricorn is the initiator, while Gemini is adaptable. They have such contrasting approaches to life that they get so much more done when they each have a particular, well-defined role. On the surface, Gemini may be the leader rushing to confront a challenge, but the Goat will also be indirectly in charge because they are consistent and determined. It's important for both friends to understand that compromise is the key to their connection.
    The best aspect of a Gemini and a Capricorn becoming close is that they each bring their own qualities to the friendship. Once they allow each other to be themselves -- rather than measuring each other against impossible standards -- they can blend well to make a warm, enriching friendship. Theirs is a challenging combination, but if they can learn from each other, it's worth it!

    Anyone who works with any branch of science or technology needs to be able to talk about figures. Notice how the following are said in English.



    All scientists and technologists also need to be able to talk about shapes. Note the names of the shapes below.

    Two-dimensional shapes




    A rectangle has four right angles.
    A circle is cut in half by its diameter. Its two halves can be called semi-circles.
    The radius of a circle is the distance from its centre to the circumference.

    Three-dimensional shapes



    The two halves of a sphere can be called hemispheres.

    Here are the four basic processes of arithmetic.

    + addition - subtraction x multiplication division

    Notice how these formulae would be read aloud.

    2x+3y-z = 3z/4x Two x plus three y minus z equals three z divided by four x. or Three z over four x.
    6 x 7 = 42 Six times seven is forty two. or Six sevens are forty two.
    .. Next ...
    Home
    My Account
    English Test
    Verbal Reasoning
    GK Quiz
    Grammar Test